Updated 31.03.21

Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers: Have the same rights and obligations in public health insurance as citizens of the Slovak Republic. Medical care for asylum seekers is covered by the state.


Refugees: Entitled to medical health insurance, which grants them the same rights as nationals. For refugees that are uninsured, the state shall pay their health insurance premiums.


Undocumented migrants: Can access emergency care free of charge. They may also access primary and secondary care in return for payment of the full cost. 

HIV testing and treatment

Testing: Testing is free for all.

Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV. 


Treatment: There are 3 clinical treatment centres in Slovakia (Bratislava, Banská Bystrica, Košice).

Country Statistics

Total Population: 5,461,355


Estimated migrant population: 177,190


Estimated refugee population (2019): 965


Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2019): N/A


Main migrant populations (2020): Czech Republic, Hungary, Ukraine