Healthcare rights of migrants
Asylum seekers: Reception centres are responsible for arranging health care services for asylum-seekers. Their entitlement to reception services ceases if their application for asylum is rejected or their temporary protection ends. Minor asylum seekers are entitled to the same healthcare services as local people. Specifically, children under 7 years receive health and development screening at child health clinics, and all children are vaccinated. Additionally, vulnerable people (elderly, pregnant women, patients with disability, long-term illnesses or traumatised people) receive all necessary health service.
Refugees: Refugees who have been granted a residence permit are covered by the Finnish health insurance and granted a Kela card, in which case they are also entitled to receive Kela reimbursements for private health care, medication and travel costs.
Once a place of residence has been granted, the refugee has the right to use all public health care services in the same manner as other Finnish residents and for the same client fee as local residents
Undocumented migrants: Can only access emergency care, and are required to pay for it.
HIV testing and treatment
Testing: Free in certain places. It is also anonymous for all.
Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV.
Treatment: Free treatment for PLHV. Does not include undocumented migrants, unless in case of acute emergency cases, where the latter may access treatment within the public healthcare system.
Total Population: 5,540,720
Estimated migrant population: 315,881
Estimated refugee population (2019): 23,458
Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2019): N/A
Main migrant populations (2020): Estonia, Sweden