Netherlands

Updated 31.03.21

Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers:  The COA is responsible for the provision of health care in the reception centres.

As any other person in the Netherlands, an asylum seeker can visit a general practitioner, midwife or hospital and have access to basic health care. This includes hospitalisation, consultations with a general practitioner, physiotherapy, urgent dental care and consultations with a psychologist. 

Rejected asylum seekers only have access to emergency health care and have to seek care providers who help irregular migrants in order to have their costs covered

 

Refugees: All refugee children who arrive in the Netherlands undergo a medical examination by the Municipal Health Service (MHS). This is usually done within six weeks. 

When receiving healthcare, all refugees have the right to a free interpreter, even if they are only in the Netherlands for a few days.

 

Undocumented migrants: The government pays providers for undocumented migrant care at 80% of normal fees for costs that cannot be recovered from the patient

They can access a full range of services provided in the public system 

HIV testing and treatment

Testing: Free at STI clinics, but only for high risk groups such as MSM (men who have sex with men), persons originating from STI/HIV endemic areas, etc. For other groups, testing costs are reimbursed by mandatory health insurances, although the first 385 euros of healthcare costs per year are paid by patients.

Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV. 

 

Treatment: Free for some. Generally, the first 385 euros of healthcare costs per year are paid by patients. Asylum seekers and those with limited finances can get reimbursed, as well as healthcare providers who provide services for undocumented migrants who are unable to pay.

Country Statistics

Total Population: 17,159,517

 

Estimated migrant population: 1,979,486

 

Estimated refugee population (2019): 94,417

 

Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2020): 23,000 to 58,000 

 

Main migrant populations (2020): Turkey, Suriname, Morocco