Healthcare rights of migrants
Asylum seekers: The COA is responsible for the provision of health care in the reception centres.
As any other person in the Netherlands, an asylum seeker can visit a general practitioner, midwife or hospital and have access to basic health care. This includes hospitalisation, consultations with a general practitioner, physiotherapy, urgent dental care and consultations with a psychologist.
Rejected asylum seekers only have access to emergency health care and have to seek care providers who help irregular migrants in order to have their costs covered
Refugees: All refugee children who arrive in the Netherlands undergo a medical examination by the Municipal Health Service (MHS). This is usually done within six weeks.
When receiving healthcare, all refugees have the right to a free interpreter, even if they are only in the Netherlands for a few days.
Undocumented migrants: The government pays providers for undocumented migrant care at 80% of normal fees for costs that cannot be recovered from the patient
They can access a full range of services provided in the public system
HIV testing and treatment
Testing: Free at STI clinics, but only for high risk groups such as MSM (men who have sex with men), persons originating from STI/HIV endemic areas, etc. For other groups, testing costs are reimbursed by mandatory health insurances, although the first 385 euros of healthcare costs per year are paid by patients.
Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV.
Treatment: Free for some. Generally, the first 385 euros of healthcare costs per year are paid by patients. Asylum seekers and those with limited finances can get reimbursed, as well as healthcare providers who provide services for undocumented migrants who are unable to pay.
Total Population: 17,159,517
Estimated migrant population: 1,979,486
Estimated refugee population (2019): 94,417
Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2020): 23,000 to 58,000
Main migrant populations (2020): Turkey, Suriname, Morocco