Updated 31.03.21

Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers:  Are entitled to free health insurance while their application is being reviewed.

Persons who have no right to remain on the territory, including rejected asylum seekers, benefit from the PUMA for six months after the end of validity of the asylum claim certification.

After this period, State Medical Aid (AME) enables them to receive free treatments in hospitals as well as in any doctors’ offices

Individuals with low income and who are still awaiting health insurance and needing healthcare quickly can turn to the All-Day Healthcare Centres (PASS) at their nearest public hospital.


Refugees: Have the same rights to access the medical system as French citizens and legal residents.


Undocumented migrants: Due to universal health care, undocumented migrants can access the same healthcare benefits as French nationals through the State Medical Assistance (AME). That includes emergency care, pediatric care, dental care and maternity care. 

HIV testing and treatment

Testing: Free and anonymous for all.

Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV. 

Treatment: Free for all people who have been in France for more than three months. Undocumented migrants also need to have an income of less than 700 euros per month.

Country Statistics

Total Population: 65,367,004


Estimated migrant population: 7,784,418


Estimated refugee population (2019): 407,915


Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2019): 300,000 to 400,000


Main migrant populations (2020): Algeria, Morocco, Portugal