Updated 31.03.21

Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers: The law restricts health care for asylum seekers to instances of acute diseases or pain, in which necessary medical or dental treatment has to be provided.


Refugees: Refugees aren’t entitled to the German statutory health insurance scheme, but are entitled to medical treatment of acute illnesses, medical care for pregnant women, and those who have recently given birth, basic dental care, preventive vaccination, as well as other essential medical services for a particular illness

After spending more than 15 months in Germany, they can enjoy the same benefits as German citizens.


Undocumented migrants: Undocumented migrants have access to emergency care, and several categories of planned care for those who possess a medical card. 

It is important to know however that to obtain a medical card, undocumented migrants must apply at the welfare office, and the latter must report the individual to the authorities, which could lead to deportation.

HIV testing and treatment

Testing: Free in certain places. Some public health centers may charge fees due to health insurance needing a name to pay for the testing fees. Testing is anonymous if you go to an NGO. However, if getting tested at a clinic, testing is only anonymous at a given fee

Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV. 

Treatment: Free for documented citizens. Treatment is reimbursed by health insurance. Those without health insurance tend to be excluded. 

Country Statistics

Total Population: 83,957,272


Estimated migrant population: 12,005,690


Estimated refugee population (2019): 1,146,682


Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2019): 700,000 


Main migrant populations (2020): Poland, Turkey, Russia