Updated 31.03.21

Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers: Access to health care is free for protection applicants living in Direct Provision.

Asylum seekers must apply for a medical card which allows them to attend local doctors or general practitioners located in the Direct Provision accommodation centres. This card entitles them to prescribed drugs and medicines, and their status as applicants living in Direct Provision makes them exempt from paying prescription charges levied on medical card holders.

Specialised treatment for trauma and victims of torture is available through an NGO called SPIRASI.


Refugees: Refugees receive the same medical services that they did as asylum seekers as there is no difference in the provision for asylum seekers and people with refugee status or subsidiary protection or permission to remain

Undocumented migrants: Undocumented migrants can access emergency care at a fee.

HIV testing and treatment


Free access for all, in clinics and NGOs only. Hospital consultants and GPSs in private practice do charge a fee. 

Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV. 



Free for all. However, clinicians decide who and when to treat. Undocumented people may sometimes be excluded.

Country Statistics

Total Population: 4,973,477


Estimated migrant population: 746,260


Estimated refugee population (2019): 7,795


Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2019): 



Main migrant populations (2020): United Kingdom, Poland, Lithuania