Updated 31.03.21

Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers: Have access to free health insurance and legal and psychological support.

Access to health care for asylum seekers is guaranteed in the law under the same conditions as for Polish nationals who have health insurance. This includes treatment for persons suffering from mental health problems.


Refugees: Under the Act on Universal Health Insurance, recognized refugees have access to national health care and the obligatory insurance scheme on the same terms as permanent residents and nationals.

Persons registered as unemployed under the Law on Employment and Countering Unemployment are also covered by the Universal Health Insurance Act.

However, persons who have never been legally employed in Poland, such as newly recognized refugees, do not benefit from national medical insurance coverage, which only applies to employed or formerly employed persons. They can only receive free medical care if it is under hospital emergency procedures


Undocumented migrants: Can access emergency care free of charge. They may also access primary and secondary care in return for payment of the full cost. 

HIV testing and treatment

Testing: Free and anonymous for all. Testing is available at 32 VCT (voluntary counselling and testing) centers across Poland. 

Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV. 

Treatment: Treatment is available for those that are insured.

For more information on where to obtain treatment, see hivtravel.org

Country Statistics

Total Population: 37,846,611


Estimated migrant population: 619,403


Estimated refugee population (2019): 12,658


Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2019): N/A


Main migrant populations (2020): Ukraine, Germany, Belarus.