Updated 31.03.21

Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers: When asylum seekers arrive in Estonia they are hosted in a special home and their state of health is examined by general practitioners or by specialist doctors if needed.


Refugees: All refugees get the same healthcare services and health insurance under the same principles as other Estonian citizens.


Undocumented migrants: Can access emergency care free of charge. They may access primary and secondary care in return for payment of the full cost. 

HIV testing and treatment

Testing: Free for all, including undocumented migrants. It is also free for those who have national health insurance and are in prisons. 

Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV. 

Treatment: Free treatment for some. An Estonian residence permit is required.

Country Statistics

Total Population: 1,326,535


Estimated migrant population: 202,348


Estimated refugee population (2019): 331


Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2019): 700 - 1000


Main migrant populations (2020): Russia, Ukraine, Finland