Updated 31.03.21

Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers: Are entitled to essential healthcare as well as professional medical assistance if they have experienced violence, abuse, torture, or female genital mutilation. Tuberculosis tests are provided upon arrival and no more than 14 days after arrival. 

Asylum seekers are also entitled to free interpreters when receiving treatment. 


Refugees: Are entitled to mental health and substance abuse health care. They also have the right to general practitioners. Pregnant women can access essential healthcare before and up until the birth. It is also free to give birth in a hospital. All children under 18 years of age are fully entitled to healthcare. 


Undocumented migrants: Are entitled to immediate medical assistance if intervention cannot wait without risk of imminent death, permanent severe disability, serious injury or acute pain. They have to cover the full costs of healthcare beyond these services. 

Children and pregnant women have access to services beyond basic emergency care.


Entitled to free healthcare (testing and treatment) if they have one of the infectious diseases defined by the Ministry of Health and Care Services. This includes Covid-19; Tuberculosis; Cholera; HIV; Chlamydia; Syphilis; Poliomyelitis; Typhoid fever; Yellow fever; Hepatitis A,B,C,D,E; etc

A full list of all these infectious diseases can be found here.

HIV testing and treatment

Testing: Free for all. Anonymous at special clinics.

Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV. 


Treatment: Treatment is free for all. 

Country Statistics

Total Population: 5,421,241


Estimated migrant population: 741,813


Estimated refugee population (2019): 53,882


Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2019): 9000 


Main migrant populations (2020): Poland, Sweden, Lithuania