Country Statistics

Total Population: 17,159,517


Estimated migrant population: 1,979,486


Estimated refugee population (2019): 94,417


Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2019): 23,000 to 58,000


Main migrant populations (2020): Turkey, Suriname, Morocco


Healthcare rights of migrants and HIV testing and treatment in the Netherlands


Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers: The COA is responsible for the provision of health care in the reception centres.

As any other person in the Netherlands, an asylum seeker can visit a general practitioner, midwife or hospital and have access to basic health care. This includes hospitalisation, consultations with a general practitioner, physiotherapy, urgent dental care and consultations with a psychologist. 

Rejected asylum seekers only have access to emergency health care and have to seek care providers who help irregular migrants in order to have their costs covered


Refugees: All refugee children who arrive in the Netherlands undergo a medical examination by the Municipal Health Service (MHS). This is usually done within six weeks. 

When receiving healthcare, all refugees have the right to a free interpreter, even if they are only in the Netherlands for a few days.


Undocumented migrants: The government pays providers for undocumented migrant care at 80% of normal fees for costs that cannot be recovered from the patient

They can access a full range of services provided in the public system 


HIV testing and treatment

Testing: Free at STI clinics, but only for high risk groups such as MSM (men who have sex with men), persons originating from STI/HIV endemic areas, etc. For other groups, testing costs are reimbursed by mandatory health insurances, although the first 385 euros of healthcare costs per year are paid by patients. Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV. 

Treatment: Free for some. Generally, the first 385 euros of healthcare costs per year are paid by patients. Asylum seekers and those with limited finances can get reimbursed, as well as healthcare providers who provide services for undocumented migrants who are unable to pay.

Support Organisations

Stichting GAST: 

The Gast Foundation helps asylum seekers who live under difficult circumstances in Nijmegen and the surrounding area. These refugees have exhausted all legal remedies, but cannot or do not dare to return. The Gast Foundation offers them shelter, living allowance and the opportunity to become economically independent.

+31 02 43 29 42 50

Tweede Walstraat 19, 6511 LN Nijmegen

Service(s): Shelter, Advice and information

De Fabel van de illegaal

Offers legal support and healthcare assistance (psychological, doctor, maternity care, etc) for illegal immigrants.

+31 07 15 12 76 19

Middelstegracht 36a, 2312TX Leiden

Service(s): Legal advice and representation, Healthcare