Country Statistics

Total Population: 19,237,691


Estimated migrant population: 226,943


Estimated refugee population (2019): 3,860


Estimated number of undocumented migrants (2019): 4,800 


Main migrant populations (2020): Moldova, Italy, Spain


Healthcare rights of migrants and HIV testing and treatment in Romania


Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers:

Access to health care for asylum seekers covers the right to receive free primary care and appropriate treatment, emergency hospital care and free health care and treatment in cases of acute or chronic illnesses considered imminently life threatening, through the national emergency health care system and qualified first aid.

Asylum seekers have the right to be included in national public health programmes aimed at preventing, monitoring and controlling contagious diseases in epidemiological risk situations. They may also benefit from the same rights and benefits as nationals once they are assigned a personal identification number.


Refugees: Refugees with residence in Romania are obliged to have social insurance, to which their employers contribute an amount specifically intended for health insurance purposes. Refugees who pay their medical insurance are to benefit from free national health care. They may also access financial assistance or free basic health care through the UNHCR.


Undocumented migrants: Have access to medical care and services free of charge within the framework of detention centres. 


HIV testing and treatment

Testing: Free for those with health insurance. People who are uninsured will have to pay 15 Euro (50 RON). Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV. 

Treatment: Free for those with health insurance. 

Support Organisations


JRS Romania: 

Offers holistic assistance: social, educational, medical, legal, financial and accommodation. Also provides Romanian language courses and carries out cultural and recreational activities.

+40 0726 724 291

54 Opris Ilie Street, sector 4, Bucharest, 041378

Service(s): Legal help and representation